2 Dan Robinson Asked: June 10, 2020In: Hardware How many radars, LiDARs, cameras, etc. should a self-driving car have to provide the passengers safety? 2 How many radars, LiDARs, cameras, etc. should a self-driving car have to provide the passengers safety? camerasLiDARradarsSensing Share Facebook 1 Answer Voted Oldest Recent Brad Templeton, Robocar blogger and developer Added an answer on June 12, 2020 at 7:36 am The answer today is “As many as can be effective together, almost regardless of cost.” For the first few years of deployment of robocars, safety is paramount. Well, it’s always paramount, but in those early years, even more so, because it’s not about making money or slick design yet. It’s about making it work, safely, and developing public trust. That doesn’t mean you go crazy. Sometimes extra sensors just add complexity and confusion, so you want to tune for how well you can fuse the data from the sensors. While cost is much less important than it will be in future, it still plays some role. A $75,000 LIDAR (which is commonly used for research) is just at the upper range of what’s practical for a taxi, and above what’s practical for a private car in volumes. However, the price of these is already falling fast. In general you need to sense a variety of things: – Pretty much everything in front of the vehicle to a long range — over 200m for highway driving, 100m for lower speed urban driving. 100m range lidar, camera and 250m range radar are popular here, along with 250m range lidar. Camera is also required. – You must sense the the sides (left and right) when crossing or turning onto streets with fast traffic. Typically side facing radar is popular here. – You want shorter range sensors directly behind for backing up. Here, stereo camera and lidar can function well, and even ultrasonics. – You want longer range detection of vehicles moving up fast in other lanes for us in lane changing. Radar is good here – You want general awareness of the surroundings of the vehicle at short range to the sides. Cameras, ultrasonics and wide-angle lidar are popular here, as well as shorter range phase based time of flight. 2 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerLeave an answerCancel reply Featured image Select file Browse Click on image to update the captcha. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.